CoCalc Blog

How do I start a Jupyter kernel in a SageMath Worksheet?

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For a quick reminder, sample code is available for opening an Anaconda3 session. In the Sage worksheet toolbar, select Modes > Jupyter bridge.

Use the jupyter command to launch any installed Jupyter kernel from a Sage worksheet

py3 = jupyter("python3")

After that, any cell that begins with %py3 will send statements to the Python3 kernel that you just started. If you want to draw graphics, there is no need to call %matplotlib inline.


import numpy as np; import pylab as plt
x = np.linspace(0, 3*np.pi, 500)
plt.plot(x, np.sin(x**2))

You can set the default mode to be your Jupyter kernel for all cells in the worksheet: after putting the following in a cell, click the “restart” button, and you have an anaconda worksheet.

anaconda3 = jupyter('anaconda3')
%default_mode anaconda3

Creating Custom "Mode Commands" in Sage Worksheets

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What is a Mode Command?

By default, running a cell in a Sage worksheet causes the input to be run as Sage commands, with output from Sage written to the output of the cell. Mode commands in a Sage worksheet cause the input to be run through some other process to create cell output. For example,

There are many built-in modes (e.g. Cython, GAP, Pari, R, Python, Markdown, HTML, etc…)

Note: If it is not the default mode of your *.sagews worksheet, a mode command must be the first line of a cell. In other words, make sure the command %md, %r, or %HTML is the first line of a cell.

Alternatively, you can make any mode the default for all cells in the worksheet using %default_mode <some_mode>. Then all cells will be using that chosen mode. If you choose this approach, you may still explicitly use %sage for cells you want processed by the Sage interpreter (or %foo to explicitly switch to any non-default mode).

There is an entire section of the FAQ page SageMathCloud Worksheet (and User Interface) Help dedicated to questions about the built-in modes. It had 10 questions-and-answers in it as of July 28, 2016.

Is there a list of all currently supported % modes in SageMathCloud?

You can view available built-in modes by selecting Help > Mode commands in the Sage toolbar while cursor is in a sage cell. That will insert the line print('\n'.join(modes())) into the current cell.

What is a Custom Mode Command?

Custom mode commands are modes defined by the user. Like any mode command, a custom mode command processes the input section of a cell and writes the output. As stated in the help for modes,

Create your own mode command by defining a function that takes a string as input and outputs a string. (Yes, it is that simple.)

Examples of Custom Mode Commands

Custom mode commands can be used to - render or compile cell input into cell output - send commands to other processes and show the results

Here are some examples:

Example 1: View CSV data as a table

Define the mode in a sage cell, as follows:

import pandas as pd
from StringIO import StringIO
def csv_table(str):
    print(pd.read_csv(StringIO((str)),index_col = 0))




        start  middle  end
A           2       5   51
B           6       8   11
C           7      22   41

NOTE: Sage’s show command is also aware of Pandas tables, so if you instead define

def csv_table(str):
    show(pd.read_csv(StringIO((str)),index_col = 0))

then %csv_table will produce nice HTML output.

Hello World

haraldschilly • • smc

We are the SageMathCloud developers!

This is just a test and we love math:

$\Phi(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi}} \int_{-\infty}^x e^{-\xi^2/2}\; d\xi$

Expect more soon!